Basalt continuous filament could be the fiber of the future

July 1, 2004

BCF has distinct advantages over mineral fibers like carbon, ceramic and glass fibers. By Eddie Grosfield Spewed by erupting volcanoes millions of years ago, solidified lava—called basalt rock—turns out to be an excellent raw material for making effective fireproof fabrics and barriers, insulation materials, and reinforcement agents. Basalt continuous filament (BCF) is a fiber produced …

Japanese fabric companies attempt to develop substitute for PVC

March 1, 2003

 By Kikuko Tagawa Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is an extremely popular material used in a wide variety of applications, including construction, industrial fabrics, filtration, medical products, food wraps, toys, and many others. This inexpensive material combines strength and workability and excels in weatherability and chemical resistance. PVC appears to be the ideal material for many …

Awning and canopy design basics

April 1, 2002

Distinguishing between an “awning” and a “canopy” is easy—though agreeing upon the distinguishing characteristic(s) is not. There is no definitive rule. Clients, fabricators, designers and architects may see the same form but disagree on the name. One common approach defines an awning as the structure providing coverage for a window, whereas a canopy provides coverage …

Awning and canopy design glossary

Awning fabric attachment methods Lacing: The most traditional technique. Grommets are placed along the edge of the fabric cover, which then is tied to the frame by lacing thin rope through the grommets. Besides providing a traditional look, lacing allows the cover to be tightened easily if the fabric wrinkles over time. It’s not a …

Spacer considerations

July 1, 2001

Manufactured in a wide range of forms, 3-D fabrics can be used for construction, soil retention or acoustic attenuation By Janet Cass Think of spacer fabric (also called 3-D fabric) as a sandwich, featuring two complementary slabs of fabric with a third layer tucked in between. The inner layer can take a variety of shapes, …

Revisiting vinyl-coated cotton

January 1, 2001

 By Janet Cass Some 50 years ago, vinyl-coated cotton was the trendy new awning fabric. Fast forward to today, though, and the awning market is dominated by acrylics and vinyl laminates. But just like a plant that flourishes in the shade of towering trees, vinyl-coated cotton still has strong roots in the awning industry, …

Utilization of vinyl-coated polyester fabrics for architectural applications—Part 2

September 1, 2000

By Richard N. Seaman and Frank Bradenburg Editor’s note: This two-part article is adapted from a paper presented at TechTextil North America, Atlanta, Ga., in March 2000. Part one of this article covers the performance properties of vinyl-coated polyester fabrics and their tensile strength, uniaxial and biaxial elongation, dimensional stability, tear strength, coating adhesion, and …

Utilization of vinyl-coated polyester fabrics for architectural applications—Part 1

July 1, 2000

By Richard N. Seaman and Frank Bradenburg Editor’s note: This two-part article is adapted from a paper presented at TechTextil North America, Atlanta, Ga., in March 2000. Part one covers the performance properties of vinyl-coated polyester fabrics and their tensile strength, uniaxial and biaxial elongation, dimensional stability, tear strength, coating adhesion, and weldability and seam …

Connections and detailing: Part 2

March 1, 2000

Well-designed details can make fabric roof construction relatively easy and elegant in appearance. By Craig G. Huntington Cable Saddles Part 1 of this article described some of the special detailing problems related to cable terminations. Special detailing is also required when cables pass without termination over supporting members or intersect other cables, where a saddle …

Connections and detailing: Part 1

January 1, 2000

Well-designed details can make fabric roof construction relatively easy and elegant in appearance. By Craig G. Huntington Introduction This paper addresses an aspect of design that is seldom addressed in tension structures literature: the structural details that fasten the elements of the roof together and provide a means for tensioning the fabric. Details are critical …